As per World Bank report, Global Urban Population would increase from 3.6 Billion in 2009 to 6.4 Billion in 2050. India would be no exception to this trend.
Increasing Need for Better Sanitation, Clean Air, Clean rivers, More Employment & Skill Development
Why Bio Gas from Public Toilets?
There cannot be a better application of the Human waste collected at the Public toilets. Several Problems get solved through the process of Bio Gas generation.
1.Environment friendly Safe Disposal of Human waste
Human waste contains full spectrum of pathogens viz Bacteria, Viruses and Parasites.
Human waste needs to be disposed off in an Environmentally friendly way so that pathogens don’t infect Humans with deadly diseases.
A Few diseases, which can be caused by Pathogens from Human waste:
Amebiasis, cholera, cryptosporidiosis, gastroenteritis, infectious hepatitis, parasite-related disease, salmonelliosis, shigellosis, typhoid fever, and other diarrheal disease.
Anaerobic Digestion kills the Human Pathogens ensuring safe disposal & treatment of the Human waste, thus creating a Pro Active Sustainable Public Health Social System.
2.Bio Energy & Bio CNG
The Human waste has higher calorific value than cow dung. By Harnessing carefully selected and fine tuned technology, human waste from Public toilets can be used as a raw material to produce Bio Gas.
Bio Gas can be further compressed and bottled into Compressed Bio Gas or Bio Methane or Bio CNG and used as a fuel for Industrial Application, Lighting of Furnace, and to run vehicles retrofitted with CNG Fuel Kits.
3. Reduce Air Pollution Now!
Vehicular & Industrial Emissions, burning of Bio Mass in outskirts are the Top 3 for the poor Air Quality in our big cities.
"If the current trends of vehicle population, fuel and emission standards persist, PM 2.5 (PM particles smaller than 2.5 micro metres) emissions will increase by a factor of three, and those of NOx (one of a group of highly reactive gasses) will increase by a factor of five," according to the report.
The report was prepared by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), University of California, San Diego (UCSD) and the California Air Resources Board (CARB).
According to the report, titled 'Options to Reduce Road Transport Pollution in India, the transport sector contributes about 15 to 50 per cent of PM 2.5 emissions in cities, and is a dominant contributor to NOx emissions.
More than 75 per cent of PM 2.5 particles (also known as aerosols in the climate literature) from diesel vehicles is black carbon aerosols (or particles), a major contributor to global warming and melting of Himalayan glaciers," says the report.
PM 2.5 is the dominant contributor to premature deaths and numerous other illnesses, followed by Ozone and NOx, the other two major contributors to health impacts.