Biogas typically refers to a mixture of different gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Biogas can be produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, manure, municipal waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food waste.

  1. It is a local energy that can be produced close to urban areas (to be used as heat, power, fuel, etc.). It is produced naturally in landfills and can be produced by various sources (Waste Water Treatment Plant - WWTP sludge digestion, co-digestion in agriculture or industry…)
  2. It can be used as a fuel for public transportation vehicles (Waste or wastewater to wheel)
  3. It is an energy form that can be stored. Therefore it can be used to produce power during peak demand as a substitute to fossil fuels
  4. It can be injected into the gas network (Waste or wastewater to grid)

Chemical Properties of Bio Gas

Biogas is primarily methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and may have small amounts of hydrogen sulphide (H2S), moisture and siloxanes. The gases methane, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide (CO) can be combusted or oxidized with oxygen

Compression of Bio Gas to Bio CNG or Bio Methane

Biogas can be compressed the same way natural gas is compressed to CNG, and used for Industrial Applications and to power motor vehicles. In the UK, for example, biogas is estimated to have the potential to replace around 17% of vehicle fuel.[3] It qualifies for renewable energy subsidies in some parts of the world. Biogas can be cleaned and upgraded to natural gas standards, when it becomes bio methane

Urban Population to nearly double by Mid 21st century

As per World Bank report, Global Urban Population would increase from 3.6 Billion in 2009 to 6.4 Billion in 2050.  India would be no exception to this trend. Increasing Need for Better Sanitation, Clean Air, Clean rivers, More Employment & Skill Development